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Phuket Province


Phuket is on the southwest coast of Thailand. It lies in the Andaman Sea which is a part of the Indian Ocean. Phuket is the biggest island in Thailand and the only island big enough to be a province in its own right. The island occupies a total area of 570 sq km. including 70 sq km from 32 smaller islands around Phuket. The geography of Phuket is varied. The island is mostly granite and sedimentary rock. There are many hills and valleys everywhere (about 70% of the total island area). The population of Phuket makes up about 200 thousand people. The majority of the population is Buddhists, but there is a significant number of Muslims (30%) in Phuket.

Phuket formerly derived its wealth from tin and rubber and enjoyed a rich and colorful history. The island was on one of the major trade routes between India and China and was frequently mentioned in foreign ship logs of Portuguese, French, Dutch and English traders. The region now derives much of its income from tourism.

Since the 1980s, the sandy beaches on the western coast of the island have been heavily developed into tourist centers, with Patong, Karon and Kata being the most popular ones. There are thousands of expatriates living in Phuket, many of them retirees. Their favorite place is Phuket Beach, as it is very convenient. Costs in Phuket have shot up over the past decade, making it one of Thailand's more expensive retirement destinations.

However tourism is by no means the island's only activity. Agriculture and fishing industry is widely developed here as well. The flatlands are mostly used for agriculture such as rubber and coconuts. There are also mangroves and tropical rainforest in Khao Phra Thaew National Park. Phuket has a tropical climate with a dry season from November to April and a rainy season from May to October. The average temperatures range between 23C and 33C.

The agreement on the establishment of twin-city relations between the city of Nakhodka and the province of Phuket was signed by the vice-governor of Phuket Mr. Niran Kalayanamit and the Head of Nakhodka city district Oleg KOLYADIN on 21st September, 2006.  

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